335 In the 18th century, writers such as Voltaire and the Encyclopédistes wrote biting critiques of both religion and the Catholic Church. "Chapter III, paragraph 25". 288 In 313, Emperor Constantine I 's Edict of Milan legalised Christianity, and in 330 Constantine moved the imperial capital to Constantinople, modern Istanbul, Turkey. 113 Final Judgment Main article: Last Judgment Catholicism The Catholic Church teaches that, immediately after death, the soul of each person will receive a particular judgement from God, based on their sins and their relationship to Christ. 277 In the account of the Confession of Peter found in the Gospel of Matthew, Christ designates Peter as the "rock" upon which Christ's church will be built. German citizens had access to information about what was happening, as soldiers returning from the occupied territories reported on what they had seen and done. The Catholic Church teaches that it is the. Vigilantly warding off any errors that threaten their flock. Both uses adapted Anglican liturgical traditions for use within the Catholic Church. 255 For this reason, the church also opposes abortion. The coming of the Holy Spirit upon the apostles, in an event known as Pentecost, is seen as the beginning of the public ministry of the Catholic Church. In 1941 Hitler decided to destroy the Polish nation completely; within 15 to 20 years the General Government was to be cleared of ethnic Poles and resettled by German colonists. At the Reformation the term 'Catholic' was claimed as its exclusive right by the body remaining under the Roman obedience, in opposition to the 'Protestant' or 'Reformed' National Churches. In the former case, the Western Church claimed for itself the title Catholic Church, while the East appropriated the name Orthodox Church. In this way he fostered distrust, competition, and infighting among his subordinates to consolidate and maximise his own power. On, Hitler gave a speech before the Reichstag outlining his desire for world peace and accepted an offer from American President Franklin. Grand Admiral Erich Raeder had advised Hitler in June that air superiority was a pre-condition for a successful invasion of Britain, so Hitler ordered a series of aerial attacks on Royal Air Force (RAF) airbases and radar stations. By the end of 1933, over a thousand booksmost of them by Jewish authors or featuring Jewish charactershad been banned by the Nazi regime. Members of the SA damaged or destroyed synagogues and Jewish property throughout Germany. Many voters decided the nsdap was capable of restoring order, quelling civil unrest, and improving Germany's international reputation. 114 115 This teaching also attests to another day when Christ will sit in universal judgement of all mankind. Catholic doctrine teaches that the contemporary Catholic Church is the continuation of this early Christian community established by Jesus. Joseph Goebbels, Reich Minister of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda Most Germans were relieved that the conflicts and street fighting of the Weimar era had ended.